Cyber-Physical Systems for Environment and People Monitoring in Large Facilities: A Study Case in Public Health

  • Borja BordelEmail author
  • Ramón Alcarria
  • Álvaro Sánchez-Picot
  • Diego Sánchez-de-Rivera
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 918)


Traditionally, public health policies have been based on sociological studies where data are collected by experts, and citizens are informed through media such as television. Nevertheless, new digital society and innovative technological paradigms enable the realization of these activities in a much more efficient and automatic manner, allowing (besides) a personalized and ubiquitous interaction with people. Although different technological solutions could be employed for this purpose, Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) is the most promising one. In fact, in the last ten years, many different cyber-physical applications for environment and people monitoring have been reported, which (we argue) could be employed to support and promote public health policies. Therefore, in this paper it is described a new Cyber-Physical System to promote healthy behaviors to reduce cardiovascular risks. The system monitors people’s behavior (through a laser barrier and WiFi access points), and incentives positive and healthy activities by providing specific digital services. The proposed solution was simulated and implemented, deployed and validated using commercial components and statistical procedures, comparing the obtained result to which obtained from traditional mechanisms.


Cyber-Physical Systems Large facilities Public health Environment monitoring People monitoring 



These results were supported by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through SEMOLA project (TEC2015-68284-R) and from the Autonomous Region of Madrid through MOSI-AGIL-CM project (grant P2013/ICE-3019, co-funded by EU Structural Funds FSE and FEDER).


  1. 1.
    Bordel, B., Alcarria, R., Robles, T., Martín, D.: Cyber–physical systems: extending pervasive sensing from control theory to the Internet of Things. Pervasive Mob. Comput. 40, 156–184 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sánchez, B.B., Alcarria, R., de Rivera, D.S., Sánchez-Picot, A.: Enhancing process control in industry 4.0 scenarios using cyber-physical systems. JoWUA 7(4), 41–64 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bordel, B., Pérez-Jiménez, M., Sánchez-de-Rivera, D.: Recognition of activities of daily living in Enhanced Living Environments. IT CoNvergence PRActice (INPRA) 4(4), 18–31 (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bordel, B., Alcarria, R., Pérez-Jiménez, M., Robles, T., Martín, D., de Rivera, D.S.: Building smart adaptable Cyber-Physical Systems: definitions, classification and elements. In: International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence pp. 144–149. Springer, Cham, December 2015Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sánchez-Picot, Á., Martín, D., de Rivera, D.S., Bordel, B., Robles, T.: Modeling and simulation of interactions among people and devices in ambient intelligence environments. In: 2016 30th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA), pp. 784–789. IEEE, March 2016Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Schirner, G., Erdogmus, D., Chowdhury, K., Padir, T.: The future of human-in-the-loop cyber-physical systems. Computer 46(1), 36–45 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bordel, B., Alcarria, R., Martín, D., Robles, T., de Rivera, D.S.: Self-configuration in humanized cyber-physical systems. J. Ambient Intell. Humaniz. Comput. 8(4), 485–496 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lupton, D.: M-health and health promotion: the digital cyborg and surveillance society. Soc. Theory Health 10(3), 229–244 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Munir, S., Stankovic, J.A., Liang, C.J.M., Lin, S.: Cyber physical system challenges for human-in-the-loop control. In: Feedback Computing, June 2013Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cardenas, A.A., Amin, S., Sastry, S.: Secure control: towards survivable cyber-physical systems. In: 28th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCS 2008, pp. 495–500. IEEE, June 2008Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cardenas, A., Amin, S., Sinopoli, B., Giani, A., Perrig, A., Sastry, S.: Challenges for securing cyber physical systems. In: Workshop on Future Directions in Cyber-Physical Systems Security, vol. 5, July 2009Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Leeper, A.E., Hsiao, K., Ciocarlie, M., Takayama, L., Gossow, D.: Strategies for human-in-the-loop robotic grasping. In: Proceedings of the Seventh Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, pp. 1–8. ACM, March 2012Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dautenhahn, K.: The art of designing socially intelligent agents: science, fiction, and the human in the loop. Appl. Artif. Intell. 12(7–8), 573–617 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cranor, L.F.: A framework for reasoning about the human in the loop (2008).
  15. 15.
    Mois, G., Sanislav, T., Folea, S.C.: A cyber-physical system for environmental monitoring. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 65(6), 1463–1471 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hu, X., Chu, T.H., Chan, H.C., Leung, V.C.: Vita: a crowdsensing-oriented mobile cyber-physical system. IEEE Trans. Emerg. Top. Comput. 1(1), 148–165 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lee, I., Sokolsky, O.: Medical cyber physical systems. In: 2010 47th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC), pp. 743–748. IEEE, June 2010Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hossain, M.S.: Cloud-supported cyber–physical localization framework for patients monitoring. IEEE Syst. J. 11(1), 118–127 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sánchez-Picot, Á., Martín, D., Bordel, B., Sánchez-de-Rivera, D.: Aml environments simulations approach integrating social and network aspects: a case study. J. Ambient Intell. Smart Environ. 10(4), 303–314 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
    Kopaczewski, K., Szczodrak, M., Czyżewski, A., Krawczyk, H.: Application of virtual gate for counting people participating in large public events. In: International Conference on Multimedia Communications, Services and Security, pp. 316–327. Springer, Heidelberg, May 2012Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ethics committee for research activities of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Accessed 1 Nov 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Borja Bordel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ramón Alcarria
    • 1
  • Álvaro Sánchez-Picot
    • 1
  • Diego Sánchez-de-Rivera
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations