The Urban Hydrological System

  • Ning SunEmail author
  • Karin E. Limburg
  • Bongghi Hong


This chapter treats the urban system’s intersection with the water cycle. The water cycle will be explained, and the city’s local and regional effects will be examined. These will include water routing to and from humans, water consumption (drinking and other uses) and sewering systems; runoff interactions, how impervious surface affects runoff from precipitation events, including the storm hydrograph, particle transport from streets, and combined storm overflows; atmospheric interactions, how the urban heat island and air pollution affect evapotranspiration and precipitation; urban recipient waters, streams, lakes, rivers, estuaries, and wetlands; the role of green infrastructure in the hydrological cycle; and the potential impacts of climate change


Urban hydrological system Urban water cycle Urban stream metabolism Green infrastructure Urbanization Climate change 

Supplementary material

458872_1_En_6_MOESM1_ESM.docx (539 kb)
Field_Exercise_4_UrbanHydrology (DOCX 539 KB)
458872_1_En_6_MOESM2_ESM.docx (5.5 mb)
Field_Exercise_1_Rural_Urban_Gradient (DOCX 5665 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hydrology GroupPacific Northwest National LaboratoryRichlandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Environmental and Forest BiologySUNY College of Environmental Science and ForestrySyracuseUSA
  3. 3.Division of Water ResourcesNorth Carolina Department of Environmental QualityRaleighUSA

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