Constraints Facing the Implementation of a Smart Water Management in Moroccan Rural Area
The water sector suffers of a complex interaction between water resources and the socio-economic and environmental systems. The range of stakeholders is huge, public and private, from global to local companies, supported by national, regional and again local authorities. This different nature in stakeholders and the several schemes for water governance are the principal reasons for current market fragmentation in water management solutions . In This paper, we describe the different mutilations that a drinking water supply project, in a Moroccan rural area, undergoes before studies and design until its operation. This study highlights several constraints that each project is subject. Those constraints could be technical, regulatory, financial, economic and social. If we go beyond these constraints we can develop a smart model. Finally, recommendations are provided on how water managers can upgrade drinking water supply and contribute by anticipating the challenging circumstances inherent to transform an ancient water network to a SMART one.
KeywordsSmart water management Operation Constraints
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