Cenozoic Sedimentation Along the Piedmonts of Thrust Related Basement Ranges and Strike-Slip Deformation Belts of the Iberian Variscan Massif

  • Pedro P. CunhaEmail author
  • G. de Vicente
  • F. Martín-González
Part of the Regional Geology Reviews book series (RGR)


The Iberian microcontinent has been moving eastward since the Triassic due to the progressive opening of the Atlantic Ocean. Since the middle Campanian the Mesozoic extensional regime ended and the Iberian lithosphere started to be under a compressive deformation regime with a SHmax direction close to N–S that has led to the deformation of the entire Iberian lithosphere. This work is a synthesis of geological data collected on the intense Alpine intraplate deformation. It is used to describe the structures produced under very intense compressive stresses during Cenozoic, recorded by mountain ranges and strike-slip deformation belts of the Variscan Massif but also by associated coeval piedmont sedimentation. The successive very different deformation styles and associated basin infilling features have been conditioned by a differentiated tectonic response to phases of rather homogeneous tectonic stresses on an intraplate scale, in an area where multi-scale strain partitioning plays an important role.



The present work was supported by the Consolider Ingenio 2006 “Topoiberia” CSD2006-00041 and Spanish National Research Program CGL2006-13926-C02-01-02 “Topoiberia Foreland” projects, project MINECO-FEDER CGL2015-70970-P and by the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia through project UID/MAR/04292/2013 (MARE). The authors wish to thank Martin Stokes, José Tomás Oliveira and David Bridgland for their comments and suggestions of improvements.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro P. Cunha
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. de Vicente
    • 2
  • F. Martín-González
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesMARE—Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, University of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.GEODESPAL Department, Faculty of GeologyInstitute of Geosciences IGEO (CSIC-UCM), Complutense UniversityMadridSpain
  3. 3.Área de Geología-ESCETUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMadridSpain

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