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Cenozoic Basins of Western Iberia: Mondego, Lower Tejo and Alvalade Basins

  • Pedro P. CunhaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Regional Geology Reviews book series (RGR)

Abstract

Since middle Campanian times, the Iberian Peninsula experienced an increasing intraplate deformation as a result of stress transmission from its successive active borders; first the northern and later the southeastern border. Following this process a wide range of Cenozoic major geological features were generated in western Iberia, namely: the Plateaus and Mountains of NW Portugal (PMNW), that extend towards the reliefs of NW Iberia (Galicia); the Portuguese Central Range (Lousã–Açor–Estrela and Gardunha ranges) and the uplifted Western Mesozoic Terrains (Montejunto–Sintra reliefs), with their intervening craton, and other significant topographic features related to onshore (e.g. the Arrábida Chain, located west of Setúbal) and offshore tectonic structures that are all elongated SW–NE (e.g. Estremadura Spur); relatively well-developed sedimentary basins (Mondego, Lower Tejo and Alvalade Cenozoic basins), with an overall E–W to NE–SW orientation, providing evidence for their geologic evolution.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, through project UID/MAR/04292/2019—MARE. Martin Stokes, António A. Martins, Gerardo De Vicente, Paulo Legoinha, Diamantino Pereira, Juan Carlos Braga and José Tomás Oliveira are thanked for their comments and suggestions of improvements. Ana B. Costa, David Vaz and Yang Pu provided the drawing of the figures. This work is dedicated to João Cardoso Pais, who has recently passed away, in acknowledgment to his significant research contribution to the Cenozoic of Portugal.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesMARE—Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, University of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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