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Extension in the Western Mediterranean

  • Jesús Galindo-ZaldívarEmail author
  • Juan C. Braga
  • Carlos Marín-Lechado
  • Gemma Ercilla
  • José M. Martín
  • Antonio Pedrera
  • David Casas
  • Julio Aguirre
  • Ana Ruiz-Constán
  • Ferran Estrada
  • Ángel Puga-Bernabéu
  • Carlos Sanz de Galdeano
  • Carmen Juan
  • Antonio García-Alix
  • Juan Tomás Vázquez
  • Belén Alonso
Chapter
Part of the Regional Geology Reviews book series (RGR)

Abstract

The Miocene is an essential period in the configuration of the present-day relief of the Betic Cordillera and the South Iberian continental margin, which determined the structure and evolution of the Neogene sedimentary basins (Fig. 3.1). The crustal thinning processes that occurred during the early and middle Miocene, after the main metamorphic events, generated major low-angle normal faults that separate the main metamorphic complexes. Although a wide variety of tectonic models have been proposed for this setting, most of them are related to delamination or to subduction with associated roll-back. During the late Miocene, the relatively flat and low relief of the continental crust facilitated the accumulation of sedimentary deposits, which are interlayered with volcanic rocks in the eastern Betic Cordillera and Alborán Sea. The continuous Eurasian-African convergence finally produced regional uplift since the late Miocene and the development of large late regional E-W to NE-SW folds, which determine the main reliefs
Fig. 3.1

Geologic schematic map showing the position of the main intermontane basins of the Betic Cordillera and the Alborán Sea

Simplified and modified from Sanz de Galdeano and Peláez (2011)

.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jesús Galindo-Zaldívar
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Juan C. Braga
    • 3
  • Carlos Marín-Lechado
    • 4
  • Gemma Ercilla
    • 5
  • José M. Martín
    • 3
  • Antonio Pedrera
    • 4
  • David Casas
    • 4
  • Julio Aguirre
    • 3
  • Ana Ruiz-Constán
    • 4
  • Ferran Estrada
    • 5
  • Ángel Puga-Bernabéu
    • 3
  • Carlos Sanz de Galdeano
    • 1
  • Carmen Juan
    • 5
  • Antonio García-Alix
    • 3
  • Juan Tomás Vázquez
    • 6
  • Belén Alonso
    • 5
  1. 1.Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la TierraCSIC-UGRGranadaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de GeodinámicaUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Estratigrafía y PaleontologíaUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain
  4. 4.Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Unidad de GranadaGranadaSpain
  5. 5.Institut de Ciències del MarICM-CSICBarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Instituto Español de OceanografíaFuengirolaSpain

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