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Progenitor Cell Heterogeneity in the Adult Carotid Body Germinal Niche

  • Verónica Sobrino
  • Valentina Annese
  • Ricardo PardalEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1123)

Abstract

Somatic stem cells confer plasticity to adult tissues, permitting their maintenance, repair and adaptation to a changing environment. Adult germinal niches supporting somatic stem cells have been thoroughly characterized throughout the organism, including in central and peripheral nervous systems. Stem cells do not reside alone within their niches, but they are rather accompanied by multiple progenitor cells that not only contribute to the progression of stem cell lineage but also regulate their behavior. Understanding the mechanisms underlying these interactions within the niche is crucial to comprehend associated pathologies and to use stem cells in cell therapy. We have described a stunning germinal niche in the adult peripheral nervous system: the carotid body. This is a chemoreceptor organ with a crucial function during physiological adaptation to hypoxia. We have shown the presence of multipotent stem cells within this niche, escorted by multiple restricted progenitor cell types that contribute to niche physiology and hence organismal adaptation to the lack of oxygen. Herein, we discuss new and existing data about the nature of all these stem and progenitor cell types present in the carotid body germinal niche, discussing their role in physiology and their clinical relevance for the treatment of diverse pathologies.

Keywords

Tissue-specific or somatic stem cells Germinal niche Neurogenesis Angiogenesis Dopaminergic neuronal cells Vascular cells Multipotency Self-renewal Proliferation Differentiation Carotid body physiology Peripheral sympathetic nervous system Neuroblasts Mesectoderm-restricted progenitors Neural crest 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Verónica Sobrino
    • 1
  • Valentina Annese
    • 1
  • Ricardo Pardal
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Dpto. de Fisiología Médica y BiofísicaInstituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBiS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío/CSIC/Universidad de SevillaSevillaSpain

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