Associations of the Occult Spinal Dysraphisms

  • Mohammad W. Kassem
  • R. Shane TubbsEmail author


Many diagnoses may also have an associated form of the occult spinal dysraphisms. Many of these are uncommonly related, but some (e.g., anorectal atresia) are frequently seen in conjunction with an underlying spinal malformation. Each of these diagnoses should be investigated fully in order to minimize long-term consequences of an untreated or unrecognized tethered spinal cord.


Spine Congenital Tethered spinal cord Cutaneous stigmata Comorbidities 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Seattle Science FoundationSeattleUSA

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