• Barbara Blakistone
  • Steven MavityEmail author
Part of the Food Microbiology and Food Safety book series (FMFS)


Traceability in seafood is reviewed as a commodity under multi-agency regulation and therefore those laws, rules, and policies offer a check on chain of custody. The Bioterrorism Act of 2002 was the first formal act of Congress to require records of previous and subsequent source of food. The seafood industry, mindful of coming traceability requirements in the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011, prepared its own guide to making a traceability plan and advocates GS1 standards as the preferred tool for track and trace in the supply chain. Further work verified the functionality of the guide, and at this writing, the guide is being applied to unique challenges in the industry such as sustainability, illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing, and seafood fraud. Seafood must join with the other commodities in creating interoperable communication of product tracing information for accuracy, efficiency, and consistency. Seafood is poised to lead the way in traceability because it is a globally traded commodity sold shelf stable, frozen, and fresh.


Block chain FDA Food safety GS1 Illegal fishing NOAA Fraud Recall Seafood Interoperability Sustainability Traceability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Packaging MattersBothellUSA
  2. 2.Bumble Bee SeafoodSan DiegoUSA

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