The Lexicon-Grammar of Predicate Nouns with ser de in Port4NooJ

  • Cristina MotaEmail author
  • Jorge Baptista
  • Anabela Barreiro
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 987)


This paper provides continuity for previous efforts on the integration of complementary lexicon-grammars to expand the paraphrastic capabilities of Port4NooJ, the Portuguese module of NooJ (Silberztein 2016). We describe the integration of the lexicon-grammar of 2,085 predicate nouns, which co-occur in constructions with the support verb ser de ‘be of’ in European Portuguese, such as in O Pedro é de uma coragem extraordinária ‘Peter is of an extraordinary courage’, studied, classified and formalized by Baptista  (2005b). This led to a 20% increase in the number of predicate nouns. We also extended previously created paraphrasing grammars, such as the grammars that paraphrase symmetric predicates, as well as the grammars that handle the substitution of the support verb by another support verb. Furthermore, we created new grammars to paraphrase negative constructions, appropriate noun constructions, adjectival constructions, and manner sub-clauses. The paraphrastic capabilities acquired have been integrated in the eSPERTo system.



This research was supported by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT), under exploratory project eSPERTo (Ref. EXPL/MHC-LIN/2260/2013). Anabela Barreiro was also funded by FCT through post-doctoral grant SFRH/BPD/91446/2012. Jorge Baptista’s Ph.D. research has been funded by a scholarship under program Praxis XXI (2001–2004) and subsequent, more recent research, has been funded by the R&D Units Program (ref. UID/CEC/50021/2013). The authors would like to thank Max Silberztein for his prompt support and guidance with all matters related to NooJ.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Mota
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jorge Baptista
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anabela Barreiro
    • 1
  1. 1.L2F/INESC-IDLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Universidade do AlgarveFaroPortugal

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