A Construction Grammar Approach in the NooJ Framework: Semantic Analysis of Lexemes Describing Emotions in Croatian

  • Dario KarlEmail author
  • Božo Bekavac
  • Ida Raffaelli
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 987)


The paper deals with semantic analysis of several lexemes encoding emotions in Croatian. The paper embraces the Construction grammar approach and shows how some of its basic theoretical tenets perfectly comply with the computational capabilities of NooJ. Using examples of the noun strah ‘fear’, the aim of the research is to point out the possibilities in annotating specific constructional meanings in NooJ, like different connotations of chosen lexemes, generalized uses of that constructions (their distributions in more abstract constructions like noun phrases), their relations with other constructions (other intensifiers of emotions, causative sentences etc.) and various distinctive features of their specific meanings (pragmatic features, as well as semantic and morphosyntactic), which all reflect different linguistic and cognitive phenomena in the language use.


Construction grammar Constructions NooJ Meaning Croatian language 


  1. Barlow, M., Kemmer, S.: Usage-Based Models of Language. CSLI Publications, Stanford (2000)Google Scholar
  2. Bekavac, B., Vučković, K., Tadić, M.: Croatian resources for NooJ. 2007 NooJ Conference Book of abstractsGoogle Scholar
  3. Belaj, B., Tanacković Faletar, G.: Kognitivna gramatika hrvatskoga jezika. Disput, Zagreb (2014)Google Scholar
  4. Croft, W.: Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fillmore, Ch., Kay, P., O’Connor, M.C.: Regularity and idiomaticity in grammatical constructions: the case of ‘let alone’. Language 64(3), 501–538 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Goldberg, A.E.: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1995)Google Scholar
  7. Goldberg, A.E.: Constructions at Work. The Nature of Generalization in Language. Oxford University Press Inc, New York (2006)Google Scholar
  8. Katunar, D.: Ustroj leksikona u konstrukcijskoj gramatici – primjer prijedloga u hrvatskom jeziku. Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Doctoral thesis, Zagreb (2015)Google Scholar
  9. Raffaelli, I.: Conventionalized patterns of colour naming in Croatian. In: Cergol Kovačević, K., Udier, S.L. (eds.) Applied Linguistics Research and Methodology, Proceedings from the 2015 CALS Conference, pp. 171–186. Peter Lang Verlag, Franfurt am Main (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities and Social SciencesUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations