Shocks and Coping Strategies of the Poor
Households in Afghanistan are under extreme pressure to cope with shocks of more than 40 years of endless hostility leading to extreme problem of human misery, lasting violence and bloodshed, displacement of population, outflow of refugees, destruction of infrastructure, and disruption of social and economic environment. Under such circumstances, the vulnerable segment of population struggle to cope up with numerous shocks in their day to day life. Understanding of the nature, dimensions, pattern and severity of shocks and the consequent coping strategies adopted by the vulnerable segments of the Afghan society are analysed in this chapter. The poor households suffered more from idiosyncratic shocks. In case of generic shocks, the picture is mixed for the poor and non-poor households. Households initially chose non-erosive strategies and when their options are exhausted the poor households tend to choose erosive coping mechanisms.
KeywordsIdiosyncratic shocks Generic shocks Coping mechanism Cope Shocks
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