REWAS 2019 pp 261-263 | Cite as

Lithium-Ion Batteries, How to Generate Value Out of End of Life Mobile Units

  • Christer ForsgrenEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


The use of Lithium-Ion Batteries (LIB) increase every year. Warranty for LIB in vehicles is often about 7 years. Laptop LIBs last less than half that time. Battery packs from both computers and vehicles can be used for stationary energy storage. After a second life used for energy storage, material recycling of especially Co and Li is important both from financial and resource perspective. In EU, there are about ten plants that with different technologies recycle mainly Co and Cu. Experiences from EU will be presented.


Recycling Li-ion batteries Cobalt Second use 

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chalmers Technical University in Gothenburg/Stena Recycling InternationalGothenburgSweden

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