REWAS 2019 pp 143-152 | Cite as

Iron Recovery from Nickel Slag by Aluminum Dross: Viscosity Evolution in Different Periods

  • Guangzong Zhang
  • Nan WangEmail author
  • Min Chen
  • Ying Wang
  • Hui Li
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


Nickel slag can be recycled as one of the excellent secondary sources due to valuable iron resource. Slag viscosity during iron recovery from nickel slag by aluminum dross was studied from 1773 to 1873 K, and the viscosity evolution in different periods was systemically discussed. Experimental results showed that slag viscosity increased suddenly after “FeO”/(“FeO” + Al2O3) ratio lower than 0.53, signifying the transition of dominant role from “FeO” to Al2O3. Structure investigation by Raman spectra showed the center of curves transferred to higher shift, which indicated the formation of many more complicated structural units during the reduction process. Furthermore, the increasing units ratio (Q2 + Q3)/(Q0 + Q1) in [SiO4]-tetrahedra showed a good agreement with the variation of apparent activation energy.


Nickel slag Aluminum dross Viscosity Slag structure 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [Grant numbers 51774072, 51574066, 51574065 and 51774073] and the National Key R&D Program of China [Grant numbers 2017YFB0304201, 2017YFB0304203 and 2016YFB0300602].


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guangzong Zhang
    • 1
  • Nan Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Min Chen
    • 1
  • Ying Wang
    • 1
  • Hui Li
    • 1
  1. 1.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina

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