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Spinal Syndromes

  • Álynson Larocca Kulcheski
  • Xavier Soler I. Graells
  • André Luís Sebben
Chapter

Abstract

Fungal infections of the spine are rare. They usually affect the immunosuppressed population. Most of the time, the symptoms are indolent and nonspecific, which makes difficult its early diagnosis. The histopathological diagnosis is mandatory for its adequate treatment. Cases that do not present with neurological deficits, instability, deformities, or abscesses can be treated clinically with antifungal agents. Otherwise, they should be approached surgically, preferably with an anterior approach for debridement and posterior fusion. Long-term follow-up should be done.

Keywords

Central nervous system Complications Diagnosis Fungal infections Pathogenesis Spinal cord compression Spine Surgery Treatment 

Abbreviations

CT

Computed tomography

HIV

Human immonodeficiency virus

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

ODI

Oswestry disability index

VAS

Visual analog scale

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Álynson Larocca Kulcheski
    • 1
  • Xavier Soler I. Graells
    • 1
  • André Luís Sebben
    • 1
  1. 1.Orthopedics and Traumatology Service, Hospital de ClínicasUniversidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR)CuritibaBrazil

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