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Invasive Fungal Diseases of the Skull Base

  • Manogaran Ravi Sankar
  • Mathialagan Arulalan
  • Amit K. Keshri
  • Arun K. Srivastava
  • Awadhesh K. Jaiswal
  • Sanjay Behari
Chapter

Abstract

Skull base fungal pathologies present with headache, nasal symptoms, orbital symptoms, cranial nerve palsy and paresis. Isolated skull base involvement is rare; commonly, skull base is involved by the lesion spreading from the adjacent paranasal sinuses. Vital structures like the orbit, optic nerve, internal carotid artery, pituitary gland, cavernous sinus and cranial nerves may often be involved. This chapter gives the overview of various types of skull base fungal diseases and their management principles.

Keywords

Skull base Fungal infection Aspergillosis Mucormycosis Classification Management 

Abbreviations

AFRS

Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis

AISBFD

Acute invasive skull base fungal disease

CIGFD

Chronic invasive granulomatous fungal disease

CISBFD

Chronic invasive skull base fungal disease

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

CT scan

Computed tomographic scan

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

Ig E

Immunoglobulin E

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

WI

Weighted images

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manogaran Ravi Sankar
    • 1
  • Mathialagan Arulalan
    • 1
  • Amit K. Keshri
    • 1
  • Arun K. Srivastava
    • 2
  • Awadhesh K. Jaiswal
    • 2
  • Sanjay Behari
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Neuro-otology, Department of NeurosurgerySanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgerySanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknowIndia

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