Manipulation of the Pictures

  • Thomas Eversberg
Part of the Science and Fiction book series (SCIFICT)


One of the most popular means of discrediting the Moon landings is claiming that the pictures were photoshopped, i.e. the presented photographs were manipulated. Some of the more spectacular examples include the photo of three astronauts on the Moon (everyone knows that there were always only two on the Moon) or photos including items that were never actually taken (sales signs, camels, and even whole ships—a camel in the lander, marvelous!). I think that we can classify these manipulations as “jokes” and “advertising,” and as such, they do not require our consideration because they are so easy to catch and understand. Rather, I’ll focus on original photographs that may appear questionable to the viewer and that are used as “proof” of the Moon landing conspiracy.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Eversberg
    • 1
  1. 1.German Space AgencyBonnGermany

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