Complex Geoinformation Analysis of Multiple Natural Hazards Using Fuzzy Logic

  • Valentina Nikolova
  • Plamena ZlatevaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


Natural hazards are existence of natural components and processes, which create a situation that could negatively affect people, the economy and the environment. Rising public awareness about natural hazards could improve the quality of life, save financial resources and even save lives. The complicated essence of natural hazards and the interrelations between natural components require a complex analysis of natural hazard factors. In the current research, the factors are analysed by application of analytic hierarchy process. Spatial overlay analysis is done in GIS environment and as a result, landslide susceptibility and flood susceptibility maps are created. Single hazard maps are overlaid in order to receive a complex hazard level. A fuzzy logic with four inputs and one output is designed. This model is used to determine the complex level of hazard considering the factors interaction. The results of the current research and suggested approach could support decision makers in civil protection, territorial planning and management.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geology and GeoinformaticsUniversity of Mining and GeologySofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Institute of Robotics, Bulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

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