Alternative Realism and a Critical Comparative Historical Method

  • Hall GardnerEmail author


This chapter outlines the debate between philosophers/theorists of history who believe that history is relevant for the understanding of contemporary disputes and conflicts versus those who believe that the study of history is not at all helpful or relevant. The chapter argues for a critical comparative historical approach that seeks to compare and contrast the significant similarities and differences between the systemic interactions of major and minor powers in differing, yet analogous, historical epochs.

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International and Comparative PoliticsAmerican University of ParisParisFrance

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