The Concept of General Systems

  • Jeffrey Yi-Lin ForrestEmail author
Part of the IFSR International Series in Systems Science and Systems Engineering book series (IFSR, volume 32)


This chapter focuses on the basic concept of general systems and then the fundamental properties of general systems. In particular, Section 2.1 introduces the concept of general systems that will be used throughout the rest of this book along with a brief review of other relevant concepts studied by various scholars in different contexts. Section 2.2 investigates the internal properties of general systems. Section 2.3 considers the set-theoretical structures of general systems and L-fuzzy systems along with the existence of centralized systems.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BusinessSlippery Rock University School of BusinessSlippery RockUSA

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