Patterns of Taxation in Eighteenth-Century Ireland
What taxes were levied on the Irish population in the eighteenth century and by whom? How was the burden of taxation spread across society, and how did popular resistance shape the distribution and typologies of Irish taxation? This chapter addresses these subjects through an analysis of the patterns of Irish taxation in the period from the Williamite wars to the Act of Union. It is concerned with ascertaining what was the burden of taxation in eighteenth-century Ireland, how was it borne, by whom, and where. Drawing on the most complete dataset of Irish taxation yet assembled, it provides an innovative and hopefully definitive analysis of Irish taxation. Finally this analysis of the political economy of Irish taxation and the geographies of fiscal extraction is situated, throughout the chapter, within a comparative context looking at both England and Scotland.