Palladium Nanofiber Networks Hydrogen Sensor and Hydrogen-Actuated Switches

  • Boyi WangEmail author
  • Yong Zhu
  • Vien Huynh
  • Md. Ataur Rahman
  • Brian Hawkett
  • Sharath Sriram
  • Dzung Viet Dao
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 130)


This paper presents a novel fabrication technique for hydrogen gas sensor based on polymer nanofiber and pure palladium metal. The polymer nanofiber was produced from 7 wt% poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) solution through electrospinning system. The multilayer PVA nanofibers was utilized as a substrate to create a networks of palladium nanofibers hydrogen sensor. The palladium nanofiber with a thickness of 30 nm was deposited on the surface of the multilayer PVA nanofibers by using E-beam evaporation system and shadow mask. During the hydrogen detection test, the novel hydrogen sensor was presented as a set of hydrogen-actuated switches with high sensitivity. The fabrication process was simple and inexpensive, and the sensor can be mass-produced.


Nanofiber Poly vinyl alcohol Palladium Hydrogen sensor Switches 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boyi Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yong Zhu
    • 1
  • Vien Huynh
    • 2
  • Md. Ataur Rahman
    • 3
  • Brian Hawkett
    • 2
  • Sharath Sriram
    • 3
  • Dzung Viet Dao
    • 1
  1. 1.Queensland Mirco-and Nanotechnology Centre, Griffith UniversityNathanAustralia
  2. 2.Key Centre for Polymers and Colloids, School of Chemistry, University of Sydney Nano InstituteThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Functional Materials and Microsystems Research Group and the Micro Nano Research FacilityRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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