Brain Slices Microscopic Detection Using Simplified SSD with Cycle-GAN Data Augmentation

  • Weizhou Liu
  • Long ChengEmail author
  • Deyuan Meng
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11304)


Orderly automatic collection of brain slices on the silicon substrate is critical for understanding the working principle of the whole-brain neural network. Accurate and real-time brain slices detection with microscopic CCD is crucial for automatic collection of brain slices. To solve this task, an efficient simplified SSD detection model with Cycle-GAN data augmentation is presented in this paper. The proposed simplified SSD streamlines the detection network of the original SSD architecture, leading to a more rapid detection. Moreover, the proposed Cycle-GAN data augmentation method overcomes the limitation of training images. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, experiments are conducted with a self-made brain slices dataset. The experiment results suggest that, the proposed method has a good performance of rapidly detecting brain slices with only a small training dataset.


Microscopic object detection Deep learning Data augmentation 



This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61873268, 61633016, in part by the Research Fund for Young Top-Notch Talent of National Ten Thousand Talent Program, in part by the Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation under Grant 4162066.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Management and Control for Complex SystemsInstitute of Automation, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Artificial IntelligenceUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Automation Science and Electrical EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina

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