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Israel

  • Doron LaveeEmail author
  • Eran Feitelson
  • Hadas Joseph-Ezra
Chapter
  • 295 Downloads
Part of the Global Issues in Water Policy book series (GLOB, volume 22)

Abstract

Israel has succeeded in advancing irrigated agriculture on a wide scale on arid and semiarid lands, with an intensive use of technology and capital, and a firm state-led irrigation policy. This chapter describes the evolution of the Israeli irrigation sector since the British Mandate period, distinguishing four distinct eras linked to contrasting political and technological frameworks. It also explores the changes in the institutional framework of the irrigation sector (from the local community level to the state structure). The chapter underscores the critical role of technology in Israeli irrigation, most particularly in the development of micro-irrigation and monitoring systems, and the shift towards desalination and wastewater use for irrigation. Finally, it identifies the major challenges to be overcome, considering water quantity and quality problems, and the impact of climate change, possibly compounded by tensions with neighboring countries.

Keywords

Water scarcity Water policy Intensive farming Wastewater recycling Desalination 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Doron Lavee
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eran Feitelson
    • 2
  • Hadas Joseph-Ezra
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Social Sciences and HumanitiesTell-Hai CollegeQiryat ShemonaIsrael
  2. 2.Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  3. 3.Pareto GroupNatanyaIsrael

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