Toward Mass Customized Architecture. Applying Principles of Mass Customization While Designing Site-Specific, Customer-Inclusive and Bespoke Timber Structures

  • John Haddal MorkEmail author
  • Marcin Luczkowski
  • Bendik Manum
  • Anders Rønnquist
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 24)


Mass customization is established in many industries, but are not yet integrated in architecture and the building industry. This article presents a parametric timber toolkit under development. A flexible toolkit for parametrically designed timber structures, a toolkit that simplifies and substantiates a continuous digital workflow from global shape to digital fabrication and assembly—a toolkit that requires parametric thinking, not only parametric modelling skills. The toolkit proposes solutions to four recurrent workflow-related challenges that limit efficiency and quality while designing timber structures. A series of built case projects are used to exemplify and explain the toolkit. An important finding discussed in the end of the article is that parametric modelling, and partly the toolkit, changes our conception of what is considered a similar structure.


Parametric design and fabrication strategies CNC and woodworking technology Parametric timber engineering 



This research was partially supported by Innovation Norway. We thank our collaborators from Nikken Sekkei Digital Design Lab who provided insights and expertise of developing the toolkit’s concept and technical solutions. Further, we thank Moelven Limtre who provided important manufacturing knowledge.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Haddal Mork
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marcin Luczkowski
    • 1
  • Bendik Manum
    • 1
  • Anders Rønnquist
    • 1
  1. 1.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

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