Adaptive Timber Towers. An Evolutionary Prototype for the 21st Century Skyscraper

  • Alessandro BuffiEmail author
  • Gian Maria Angelini
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 24)


The biological metaphor introduced by computational design, as well as the increasing theoretical framework of parametric architecture, opens new perspectives for both wood and skyscraper design. At the intersection of architecture, biology, and computer science, avant-garde designers are reshaping the historical relationship between nature and architecture fostering a natural approach to design which results in: structural lightness, rational use of energy and elegance. Wood seems to be a perfect material to engage with this new period of design research, and while timber towers are getting higher, there is a strong interest in understanding to which extent wood can represent a valuable alternative to those materials that have characterized the recent architectural debate. Analyzing the emerging type of the wooden skyscraper within the context of globalization, technological advances, and ecology; the authors present their vision for the 21th-century skyscraper. Based on parametric design and evolutionary principles, the proposed model can adapt to different contexts and conditions, providing different solutions as the result of the interaction with the surrounding environment.


Parametric design Form-finding Environmental design High-rise buildings Complex timber structures Evolutionary algorithms Wooden skyscraper 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly

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