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Solid Wood and Wood Based Composites: The Challenge of Sustainability Looking for a Short and Smart Supply Chain

  • M. Romagnoli
  • M. Fragiacomo
  • Antonio Brunori
  • M. Follesa
  • G. Scarascia MugnozzaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 24)

Abstract

The paper takes into account the most important wood based products used in architecture, structural engineering and design. The amount of roundwood, sawnwood and wood panel production is analysed and forest certification is reported as possible tool to ensure a sustainable forest management, fighting illegal logging and deforestation. A smart review of the most used wood-based products is performed together with the chance to activate a modern short supply chain. The state of art of the wood species actually used is considered together with most important actual challenges addressed to obtain sustainable wood-based products referring to eco-friendly process of gluing and increasing durability. The possibility to use short chain species for structural purposes is reported looking to Italian case studies (chestnut, eucalyptus and pines). A lot of successful prototypes and products have been obtained using short supply species, but research still is needed on the most type or products especially if they are to be used for structural purposes.

Keywords

CLT Panels Gluing Forest certification Forest production 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Grant: MIUR PRIN 2015. Prot. 2015YW8JWA. La filiera corta nel settore biomasse-legno: approvvigionamento, tracciabilità, certificazione e sequestro di Carbonio. Innovazioni per la bioedilizia e l’efficienza energetica (led by Giuseppe Scarascia Mugnozza). The research work was partially supported also by the “Departments of Excellence-2018” Program (Dipartimenti di Eccellenza) of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, DIBAF-Department of University of Tuscia, Project “Landscape 4.0—food, wellbeing and environment” project of excellence MIUR “Landscape 4.0” DIBAF.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Romagnoli
    • 1
  • M. Fragiacomo
    • 2
  • Antonio Brunori
    • 3
  • M. Follesa
    • 4
  • G. Scarascia Mugnozza
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Innovation in Biotechnology Agrifood and Forestry (DIBAF)University of TusciaViterboItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil, Construction-Architecture and Environmental Engineering (DICEAA)University of L’AquilaL’AquilaItaly
  3. 3.PEFCPerugiaItaly
  4. 4.dedaLEGNOFirenzeItaly

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