Development of Gate Design and Filling Process Analysis in Injection Molding

  • Mehdi Moayyedian
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


Injection molding is one of the significant processes in industry. It has high manufacturing rate, short product cycle, low percentage of scrap and can easily mold complicated shapes (Lee and Lin 2006). Injection molding process has different applications in many industries like packaging, aerospace and aviation, building and construction, automotive parts, household articles and so on (Altan 2010; Tang et al. 2006; Zhou 2013).


Injection Molding Process Gate Edge Meld Line Molten Plastic Sink Marks 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Altan, M. (2010). Reducing shrinkage in injection moldings via the Taguchi, ANOVA and neural network methods. Materials and Design, 31(1), 599–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ananthanarayanan, A., Gupta, S. K., & Bruck, H. A. (2008). Mechanical characterization of cold weld-lines and meld lines in mesoscopic revolute joints for bioinspired structures. In Proceedings of the XIth International Congress and Exposition.Google Scholar
  3. Dai, W., Liu, P., & Wang, X. (2002). An improved mold pin gate and its flow pattern in the cavity. Journal of Injection Moulding Technology, 6(2), 115–119.Google Scholar
  4. Goodship, V. (2004). Troubleshooting injection moulding (Vol. 15). iSmithers Rapra Publishing.Google Scholar
  5. Gokey, J., & Harris, T. (2004). An investigation into the gate location and its effects on product quality in injection molding. In ANTEC conference proceedings, Society of Plastics Engineers. 3, 3920–3924.Google Scholar
  6. Huang, M. ‐C., & Tai, C. ‐C. (2001). The effective factors in the warpage problem of an injection-molded part with a thin shell feature. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 110, 1–9. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jones, P. (2008). The Mould Design Guide. Smithers Rapra Technology Limited.Google Scholar
  8. Khoshooee, N., & Coates, P. D. (1998). Application of the Taguchi method for consistent polymer melt production in injection moulding. Polymer Science and Technology, 212(8), 611–620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kim, B. Y., Nam, G. J., & Lee, J. W. (2002). Optimization of filling process in RTM using a genetic algorithm and experimental design method. Polymer Composites, 23(1), 72–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kima, H. S., Sonb, J. S., & Imc, Y. T. (2003). Gate location design in injection molding of an automobile junction box with integral hinges. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 140, 110–115. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lee, K. S., & Lin, J. C. (2006). Design of the runner and gating system parameters for a multi-cavity injection mould using FEM and neural network. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 27(11–12), 1089–1096.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mok, C. K., Chin, K. S., & Ho, J. K. L. (2001). An interactive knowledge-based CAD system for mould design in injection moulding processes. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 17(1), 27–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ni, S. (2002). Reducing shrinkage and warpage for printer parts by injection molding simulation analysis. Journal of Injection Molding Technology, 6(3), 177–186.Google Scholar
  14. Oroszlány, Á., & Kovács, J. G. (2010). Gate type influence on thermal characteristics of injection molded biodegradable interference screws for ACL reconstruction. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 37(7), 766–769.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ozcelik, B. (2011). Optimization of injection parameters for mechanical properties of specimens with weld line of polypropylene using Taguchi method. International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 38(8), 1067–1072.Google Scholar
  16. Pye, R. G. W. (1989). Injection mould design: a textbook for the novice and a design manual for the thermoplastice industry. Harlow, Essex England: Longman Scientific & Technical.Google Scholar
  17. Rutkauskas, Ž., & Bargelis, A. (2007). Knowledge–based method for gate and cold runner definition in injection mold design. Mechanics, 66(4), 49–54.Google Scholar
  18. SolidWorks (2013). SolidWorks Plastic.Google Scholar
  19. Tang, S. H., Kong, Y. M., Sapuan, S. M., Samin, R., & Sulaiman, S. (2006). Design and thermal analysis of plastic injection mould. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 171(2), 259–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tang, S. H., Tan, Y. J., Sapuan, S. M., Sulaiman, S., Ismail, N., & Samin, R. (2007). The use of Taguchi method in the design of plastic injection mould for reducing warpage. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 182(1–3), 418–426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Xie, P., Guo, F., Jiao, Z., Ding, Y., & Yang, W. (2014). Effect of gate size on the melt filling behaviour and residual stress of injection molded parts. Materials and Design, 53, 366–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Zhen-Yong, Z., Zheng-Chao, G., & Jiao-Ying, S. (2000). Research on integrated design techniques for injection mold runner system. Journal of Computer Aided Design and Computer Graphics, 12(1), 6–10.Google Scholar
  23. Zhou, H. (2013). Computer modeling for injection molding. Wiley, Inc.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehdi Moayyedian
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EngineeringUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

Personalised recommendations