Fundamentals of Remote Sensing

  • Joseph AwangeEmail author
  • John Kiema
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Remote sensing or Earth Observation is defined as the art, science and technology through which the characteristics of object features/targets either on, above or even below the Earth’s surface are identified, measured and analyzed without direct contact existing between the sensors and the targets or events being observed, see e.g., [1, 2, 3, 4] etc. This allows for information about such object features to be obtained by sensing and recording reflected or emitted energy and processing, analyzing, and applying that information.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Spatial SciencesCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Geospatial and Space TechnologyUniversity of Nairobi NairobiKenya

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