Marine and Coastal Resources

  • Joseph AwangeEmail author
  • John Kiema
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


The extreme importance of coastal zones for countries with highly-populated coastal areas has been discussed in Goncalves and Awange [2] who highlight the concerns about their future, particularly on the state of their natural resources that provide life support and opportunities for economic development and tourism for these countries [3]. However, one of the main environmental problems facing coastal areas the world over is that of coastal erosion, which includes, e.g., beach erosion and other natural and anthropogenic environmental factors that are present along the shoreline. Anthropogenic factors include, for example, settlement near the shore, which aggravates the situation as exemplified in the case of Brazil where hundreds of beaches are under severe erosion [4]. One way of efficiently accomplishing coastal management, therefore, is investing in monitoring of shorelines to support policy formulations.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Spatial SciencesCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Geospatial and Space TechnologyUniversity of Nairobi NairobiKenya

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