GNSS Reflectometry and Applications

  • Joseph AwangeEmail author
  • John Kiema
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


When positioning with GNSS, multipath signal is a reflected GNSS signal that is a nuisance and as such needs to be eliminated. Whereas this reflected signal on the one hand is a nuisance for positioning, for environmental monitoring purposes, it could be useful in monitoring sea-wind retrieval, seawater salinity detection, ice-layer density measurements and other remote sensing applications (e.g., topography, soil moisture and vegetation), see, e.g., [2].


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Spatial SciencesCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Geospatial and Space TechnologyUniversity of Nairobi NairobiKenya

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