Dissecting Article 8 of the 2011 EU Human Trafficking Directive

Part of the Palgrave Studies in Victims and Victimology book series (PSVV)


Whilst the previous chapter examined the non-liability principle as found in the 2005 Council of Europe Convention on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings (Article 26), this chapter considers the non-liability principle as contained in the legislation of the European Union.


  1. Anti-slavery. (2014). Trafficking for Forced Criminal Activities and Begging in Europe. RACE in Europe Project [Online].
  2. Baratta, R. (2014). Complexity of EU Law in Domestic Implementing Process. In 19th Quality of Legislation Seminar: ‘EU Legislative Drafting: Views from Those Applying EU Law in the Member States’ [Online].
  3. Derenčinović, D. (2014). Comparative Perspectives on Non-Punishment of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings. Annales, XLVI(63), 3–20.Google Scholar
  4. Faure, M., Goodwin, M., & Weber, F. (2012). The Lex Certa Principle in Criminal Law: Reconciling Economics and Human Rights? SSRN Electronic Journal [Online].
  5. Gallant, K. S. (2003). Politics, Theory and Institutions: Three Reasons Why International Criminal Defence Is Hard, and What Might Be Done About One of Them. Criminal Law Forum, 14(3), 317–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Herlin-Karnell, E. (2012). The Constitutional Dimension of European Criminal Law. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  7. Hodgson, J. (2011). ‘Safeguarding Suspects’ Rights in Europe: A Comparative Perspective. New Criminal Law Review, 14(4), 611–665. Google Scholar
  8. Holiday, Y. (2012). Victims of Human Trafficking and the CCRC. Law Gazette. Retrieved from
  9. Jovanovic, M. (2017). The Principle of Non-punishment of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings: A Quest for Rationale and Practical Guidance. Journal of Trafficking and Human Exploitation, 1(1), 41–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kaifa-Gbandi, M. (2011). The Importance of Core Principles of Substantive Criminal Law for a European Criminal Policy Respecting Fundamental Rights and the Rule of Law. European Criminal Law Review, 1(1), 7–34.Google Scholar
  11. Longridge, C. (2013/2014). In Defence of Defence Rights: The Need for Common Rules of Criminal Procedure in the European Union. European Journal of Legal Studies, 13, 136–156.Google Scholar
  12. Obokata, T. (2015). Human Trafficking. In N. Boister & R. J. Currie (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law (pp. 171–186). Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Obokata, T., & Payne, B. (2012). Implementing Action Against Trafficking of Human Beings Under the TFEU: A Preliminary Analysis. New Journal of European Criminal Law, 3(3–4), 298–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. OSCE Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings. (2013). Policy and Legislative Recommendations Towards the Effective Implementation of the Non-punishment Provision with Regard to Victims of Trafficking. Vienna [Online].
  15. Pham, J. (2015). Protecting Trafficking Victims from Porsecution: Analysis of the Modern Slavery Bill Defence [Online].
  16. Piotrowicz, R. W., & Sorrentino, L. (2016). Human Trafficking and the Emergence of the Non-punishment Principle. Human Rights Law Review, 16(4), 669–699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. P v. Chief Superintendent Garda National Immigration Bureau & Ors [2015] IEHC 222.Google Scholar
  18. R v. N and R v. LE [2012] EWCA Crim 189.Google Scholar
  19. R v. L and Others (The Children’s Commissioner for England and Equality and Human Rights Commission intervening) [2013] EWCA Crim 991.Google Scholar
  20. Schloenhardt, A., & Markey-Towler, R. (2016). Non-criminalisation of Victims of Trafficking in Persons—Principles, Promises, and Perspectives. Groningen Journal of International Law, 4(1), 10–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sicurella, R. (2016). EU Competence in Criminal Matters. In V. Mitsilegas, M. Bergstrom, & T. Konstadinides (Eds.), Research Handbook on EU Criminal Law (pp. 49–77). Chelteham: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sitarz, O. (2015). O problemie niekaralnosci ofiar handle ludzmi raz jeszcze. In Z. Lasocik (Ed.), Niekaralnosc ofiar handle ludźmi – nowe perspektywy (pp. 63–71). Warsaw: Warsaw University.Google Scholar
  23. UN Working Group on Trafficking in Persons. (2010). Non-punishment and Non-prosecution of Victims of Trafficking in Persons: Administrative and Judicial Approaches to Offences Committed in the Process of Such Trafficking [Online].
  24. Weber, M. (1965). Politics as a Vocation. Philadelphia: Fortress Press.Google Scholar
  25. Weiss, A. (2016). The Application of International Legislation: Is the Federalisation of Anti-trafficking Legislation in Europe Working for Trafficking Victims? In M. Malloch & P. Rigby (Eds.), Human Trafficking (pp. 41–62). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Trilateral Research & ConsultingLondonUK

Personalised recommendations