Solution Methods

  • Yang Liu
  • Francis A. Kulacki
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


The melting stages of Chap.  3 describe the behavior of the meltwater during different time periods of the defrost process: absorption and permeation, accumulation, and draining. Meltwater accumulation reduces the strength of ice adhesion and promotes the possibility of slumping. The rate of meltwater draining depends on the boundary conditions at the interfaces of the liquid layer. A large draining rate reduces defrost time and improves defrost efficiency. Solution methods of the governing transport equations of these stages of defrost are described in this chapter.


Defrost Process Meltwater Drainage Governing Transport Equations Force Ratio Permeation Layer 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yang Liu
    • 1
  • Francis A. Kulacki
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School at ShenzhenTsinghua UniversityShenzchenChina
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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