Implementation of Microgrid on Location Rostovo with Installation of Sustainable Hybrid Power System (Case Study of a Real Medium-Voltage Network)

  • Fatima Mašić
  • Belmin Memišević
  • Adnan BosovićEmail author
  • Ajla Merzić
  • Mustafa Musić
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 59)


Distributed generation (DG) especially energy acquired from renewable energy sources (RES) plays a significant role in modern power sector due to high carbon emissions around the globe. It is an attempt to reduce these emissions and satisfy electricity demand. Its emerging potential is feasible by implementing microgrids. Higher cost and stochastic nature of intermittent RES are complications for the implementation and operation of such solutions. This paper analyzes economic feasibility and sustainability of implementation of hybrid power system (HPS) consisting of wind generator (WG), photovoltaic system (PVS), diesel generator unit and batteries as storage of energy. Technical analysis of the grid integration and parallel operation of the system and the grid are presented in the paper with an example of a real medium-voltage distribution network operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is shown that implementing such HPS would be beneficial in terms of economy, ecology, as well as in reducing energy losses. Besides, it will reduce power supplying costs and secure better exploitation and utilization of natural renewable energy sources. These technologies positively affect power network by decreasing the risk of network-components overloading, need for network expansions, better exploiting the power-generation facilities based on renewable resources and positively impacting voltage profiles. Moreover, it is shown that the microgrid can operate in island mode with autonomous power supply for consumers. The microgrid could serve as an example to similar remote locations in order to reduce their costs of electricity, acquire more reliable and sustainable power supply, and embrace green future. All analyzes have been done by applying HOMER and DIgSILENT Power Factory professional software tools.


  1. 1.
    Rehman, S., Al-Hadhrami, L.M.: Study of a solar PV-diesel-battery hybrid power system for a remotely located population near Rafha, Saudi Arabia. Energy 35, 4986–4995 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nehrir, M.H., Wang, C., Strunz, K., Aki, H., Ramakumar, R., Bing, J., Miao, Z., Salameh, Z.: A review of hybrid renewable/alternative energy systems for electric power generation: configurations, control and applications. IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy 2, 392–403 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kellogg, W.D., Nehrir, M.H., Venkataramanan, G., Gerez, V.: Generation unit sizing and cost analysis for stand-alone wind, photovoltaic, and hybrid wind/PV systems. IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 13(1), 70–75 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Merzic, A., Music, M., Rascic, M., Hadzimejlic, N.: An integrated analysis for sustainable supply of remote winter tourist centers - a future concept case study. TUBITAK 24, 2821–3837 (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nema, P., Nema, R.K., Rangnekar, S.: A current and future state of art development of hybrid energy system using wind and PV-solar: a review. Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. 13, 2096–2103 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Manwell, J.F., Mc Gowan, J.G.: Development of wind energy systems for New England islands. Renew. Energy 29, 1707–1720 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    National Renewable Energy Laboratory, HOMER Getting Started Guide Version 2.1 NREL (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ekren, O., Ekren, B.: Size optimization of a wind/PV hybrid energy conversion system with battery storage using simulated annealing. Appl. Energy 87(2), 592–598 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Khan, M.J., Iqbal, M.T.: Pre-feasibility study of stand-alone hybrid energy systems for applications in Newfoundland. Renew. Energy 30, 835–854 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Abdullaha, M.O., Yunga, V.C., Anyia, M., Othmana, A.K., Hamida, K.B.A., Taraweb, J.: Review and comparison study of hybrid diesel/solar/hydro/fuel cell energy schemes for a rural ICT Telecenter. Energy 35, 639–646 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Razak, J.A., Sopian, K., Ali, Y.: Optimization of renewable energy hybrid system by minimizing excess capacity. Int. J. Energy 1(3), 77–81 (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nandi, S.K., Ghosh, H.R.: Prospect of wind-PV-battery hybrid power system as an alternative to grid extension in Bangladesh. Energy 35, 3040–3047 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jin, X.: Analysis of microgrid comprehensive benefits and evaluation of its economy. In: 10th International Conference on Advances in Power System Control, Operation & Management (APSCOM 2015), Hong Kong, pp. 1–4 (2015)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chen, C.L., Lai, J.S., Martin, D., Lee, Y.S.: State-space modeling, analysis, and implementation of paralleled inverters for microgrid applications. In: 2010 Twenty-Fifth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Palm Springs, CA, pp. 619–626 (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Katiraei, F., Iravani, M.R.: Power management strategies for a microgrid with multiple distributed generation units. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 21, 1821–1831 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pogaku, N., Prodanovic, M., Green, T.C.: Modeling, analysis and testing of autonomous operation of an inverter-based microgrid. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 22, 613–625 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mohamed, Y., El-Saadany, E.F.: Adaptive decentralized droop controller to preserve power sharing stability of paralleled inverters in distributed generation microgrids. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 23, 2806–2816 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Alvehag, K., Soder, L.: A reliability model for distribution systems incorporating seasonal variations in severe weather. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 26(2), 910–919 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rocchetta, R., Li, Y.F., Zio, E.: Risk assessment and risk-cost optimization of distributed power generation systems considering extreme weather conditions. Reliab. Eng. Syst. Saf. 136, 47–61 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sun, Y., Wang, P., Cheng, L., Liu, H.: Operational reliability assessment of power systems considering conditional-dependent failure rate. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 4(1), 60–72 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    He, J., Sun, Y., Wang, P., Cheng, L.: A hybrid conditions-dependent outage model of a transformer in reliability evaluation. IEEE Trans. Power Del. 24(4), 2025–2033 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Xu, X., Wang, T., Mu, L., Mitra, J.: Predictive analysis of microgrid reliability using a probabilistic model of protection system operation. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 32(4), 3176–3184 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Padayattil, G.M., Thobias, T., Thomas, M., Sebastian, J., Pathirikkat, G.: Harmonic analysis of microgrid operation in islanded mode with nonlinear loads. In: 2016 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI), Coimbatore, pp. 1–5 (2016)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Memisevic, B., Masic, F., Bosovic, A., Music, M.: Impact of plug-in electric vehicles and photovoltaic technologies on the power distribution network (case-study of a suburban medium-voltage network). Elektrotehniški vestnik, vol. 84, no. 3, Ljubljana (2017)Google Scholar
  25. 25.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatima Mašić
    • 1
  • Belmin Memišević
    • 1
  • Adnan Bosović
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ajla Merzić
    • 2
  • Mustafa Musić
    • 2
  1. 1.International Burch UniversitySarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina
  2. 2.Department of Strategic DevelopmentPublic Electric Utility Elektroprivreda of Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina

Personalised recommendations