Application of Nano-Silica in Concrete Bridges in Vietnam for Sustainable Development

  • Le Hong Lam
  • Dao Duy LamEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


Concrete bridges are very popular in Vietnam. However, under severe environments of the tropical climate, they can be lead to defects or deterioration with excessive rate. This point demands on materials performance with respect to extremes in not only stress and strain but also the properties of cementitious materials in practical design. In addition, cracking, shrinkage and creep of concrete due to the rapid ambient conditions of temperature and humidity are also a major challenge to researchers in Vietnam. Therefore, improving the sustainability of bridges by applying high performance concrete is very necessary. Recent developments in nanotechnology have given a lot of new challenges to produce the eco-friendly high performance concrete. It has been found out that use of nanotechnology through using nano-silica as a mineral admixture to modify the properties of the cementitious materials has significantly improved the performance of concrete. This paper investigates the effect of nano-silica as an addition on new concrete generation, the advancements in nanotechnology on the properties and performance of cementitious materials; and the application to concrete bridges in Vietnam in near future for sustainable development purpose.


Nanotechnology High performance concrete Nano-silica Concrete bridge 


  1. 1.
    Ghafari, E., Costa, H., Júlio, E., Portugal, A., Durães, L.: Optimization of UHPC by adding nanomaterials. In: 3rd International Symposium on UHPC and Nanotechnology for High Performance Construction Materials, Kassel, 7–9 March 2012Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jayapalan, A., Lee, B., Kurtis, K.: Effect of nanosized titanium dioxide on early age hydration of Portland cement. In: Nanotechnology in Construction 3: Proceedings of the NICOM3; [with CD-ROM], pp. 267–273. Springer, Berlin (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nazari, A., Riahi, S., Riahi, S., Shamekhi, S.F., Khademno, A.: Mechanical properties of cement mortar with Al2O3 nanoparticles. J. Am. Sci. 6(4), 94–97 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nazari, A., Riahi, S., Riahi, S., Shamekhi, S.F., Khademno, A.: The effects of incorporation Fe2O3 nanoparticles on tensile and flexural strength of concrete. J. Am. Sci. 6(4), 90–93 (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nazari, A., Riahi, S., Riahi, S., Shamekhi, S.F., Khademno, A.: An investigation on the strength and workability of cement based concrete performance by using ZrO2 nanoparticles. J. Am. Sci. 6(4), 29–33 (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Campillo, I., Guerrero, A., Dolado, J.S., Porro, A., Ibanez, J., Goni, S.: Improvement of initial mechanical strength by nanoalumina in belite cements. Mater. Lett. 61(8–9), 1889–1892 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Srinivas, K.: Nanomaterials for concrete technology. Nanotechnology Group, Department of Physics, GMR Institute of Technology, Rajam, Andhra Pradesh, India (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chong, K.P.: Smart structures research in the U.S. Keynote paper. In: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Smart Structures, held in Pultusk, Poland, Smart Structures, pp. 37–44. Kluwer Academic (1998)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Qing, Y., Zenan, Z., Deyu, K., Rongshen, Ch.: Influence of nano-SiO2 addition on properties of hardened cement paste as compared with silica fume. Constr. Build. Mater. 21, 539–545 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lin, K.L., Chang, W.C., Lin, D.F., Luo, H.L., Tsai, M.C.: Effects of nano-SiO2 and different ash particle sizes on sludge ash–cement mortar. J. Environ. Manage. 88, 708–714 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Senff, L., Hotza, D., Repette, W.L., Ferreira, V.M., Labrincha, J.A.: Mortars with nano-SiO2 and micro-SiO2 investigated by experimental design. Constr. Build. Mater. (2010). Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lin, D.F., Lin, K.L., Chang, W.C., Luo, H.L., Cai, M.Q.: Improvements of nano SiO2 on sludge/fly ash mortar. Waste Manag. 28, 1081–1087 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Singh, L.P., Karade, S.R., Bhattacharyya, S.K., Yousuf, M.M., Ahalawat, S.: Beneficial role of nano-silica in cement based materials – a review. Constr. Build. Mater. 47, 1069–1077 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li, G.: Properties of high-volume fly ash concrete incorporating nano-SiO2. Cem. Concr. Res. 34, 1043–1049 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shi, X.H.A.X.: Chloride permeability and microstructure of Portland cement mortars incorporating nanomaterials. J. Transp. Res. Board, 2070(1), 13–21 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ji, T.: Preliminary study on the water permeability and microstructure of concrete incorporating nano-SiO2. Cem. Concr. Res. 35(10), 1943–1947 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gaitero, J.J., Campillo, I., Guerrero, A.: Reduction of the calcium leaching rate of cement paste by addition of silica nanoparticles. Cem. Concr. Res. 38, 1112–1118 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Khitab, A., Arshad, M.T., Awan, F.M., Khan, I.: Development of an acid resistant concrete: a review. Int. J. Sustain. Constr. Eng. Technol. 4(2), 33–38 (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ramezanianpour, A.A., Mahdikhani, M., Moghaddam, S.S., Nikravan, M., Mousavi, S.R.: Mechanical properties and durability of self consolidating mortars containing nano SiO2. In: 3rd International Symposium on UHPC and Nanotechnology for High Performance Construction Materials, Kassel, 7–9 March 2012Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hjiaj, M., Dao, D.L., de Saxcé, G.: A family of bi-potentials describing the non-associated flow rule of pressure-dependent plastic models. Acta Mech. 220, 237–246 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nguyen, T.T., et al.: Synthesis nano-silica from rice husk ash by using precipitation method. Sci. J. Univ. Can Tho 8, 58 (2014)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vu, B.T., Thanh, B.T., Lam, N.X., Long, N.N., Anh, L.B.: Using nano and dispersed fiber reinforced cement mortar to repair expansion joints in bridges. Sci. J. Transp. Commun. (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ho Chi Minh City University of TransportHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.University of Transport and CommunicationsHo Chi Minh CityVietnam

Personalised recommendations