The Impact of Steel Fibers on the Properties of Self Compacting Concrete

  • Hassan GhanemEmail author
  • Yehia Obeid
  • Ayman Trad
  • Mohamed Dandachy
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)


Self-compacting concrete (SCC) is a highly flowable, non-segregating concrete that has the ability to flow in every spot of the complex formwork and consolidate within that without any external compaction. Steel fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete (SFR-SCC) is a new mixed material that merge the advantages of the SCC with those of steel fibers in improving concrete mechanical properties. This paper is part of a study to analyse the effect of steel fibers on the rheological [J-ring test] and mechanical properties [compressive strength and four point bending test] of SCC. Five concrete mixtures were evaluated. The primary experimental variables are the type and aspect ratio of steel fibers. Test results have shown that the inclusion of fibers improves the compressive strength of SCC but it has a negative effect on the rheological properties of the SCC by reducing the slump flow and increasing the flow time, but better workability was obtained as aspect ratio of the steel fibers decreased. It was also found that the fiber geometry is a key factor affecting the mechanical performance in particular the toughness of the SFR-SCC material.


SFR-SCC J-ring Aspect ratio Rheological properties Hardened properties 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hassan Ghanem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yehia Obeid
    • 2
  • Ayman Trad
    • 1
  • Mohamed Dandachy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringBeirut Arab University (BAU)TripoliLebanon
  2. 2.FerrovialAl GhubrahOman

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