e-Democracy pp 61-92 | Cite as

e-Inclusion & e-Empowerment

  • Alfredo M. Ronchi


Recalling the well-known motto “no one is left behind” in enjoying the benefits of ICT, e-Inclusion focuses on participation of all individuals and communities in all aspects of the information society no matter their country, gender, age, wealth or, accordingly to another OECD definition, again limited to the digital divide: “… the gap between individuals, households, businesses and geographic areas at different socio-economic levels with regard to both their opportunities to access information and communication technologies (ICTs) and their use of the Internet for a wide variety of activities.


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    OECD (2001) Understanding the digital divide. OECD Publications.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfredo M. Ronchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Politecnico di MilanoMilanoItaly

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