Towards a Taxonomy for Social Impact Pathway Indicators
- 130 Downloads
A conceptually complete taxonomy is proposed at three levels of the impact pathway: Elementary flows, midpoint impacts, and endpoint impacts. The completeness is ensured conceptually by including unspecified residuals and by the use of fully quantifiable indicators that can be traced from source to sink, so that completeness can be verified by input-output balances and against measured totals. Each category in the taxonomy has a definition and at the lowest level also a unit of measurement. Examples of category definitions and units are illustrated in an impact pathway model with starting point in the midpoint impact category “Undernutrition”. This model also demonstrates the role of the taxonomy in the development of characterisation factors.
- 1.EEA. Environmental indicators: Typology and overview, Technical report No 25, Copenhagen, European Environmental Agency, 1999.Google Scholar
- 2.Jolliet O, Brent A, Goedkoop M, Itsubo N, Mueller-Wenk R, Peña C, Schenk R, Stewart M, Weidema BP. Final report of the LCIA definition study, Paris, Life cycle impact assessment programme of the UNEP/SETAC life cycle initiative, United Nations Environmental Programme, 2009.Google Scholar
- 4.Simões MGFP. Social key performance indicators – Assessment in supply chains, Master Thesis, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisboa, 2014.Google Scholar
- 5.UNECE. Conference of European Statisticians recommendations on measuring sustainable development. New York and Geneva: United Nations; 2014.. www.unece.org/publications/ces_sust_development.html Google Scholar
- 7.WHO. Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization as adopted by the International Health Conference, New York, July 1946, Official Records of the World Health Organization, No. 2, p. 100.Google Scholar
- 9.Weidema BP, Schmidt J, Fantke P, Pauliuk S. On the boundary between economy and environment in LCA, Int J Life Cycle Assess, early on-line view 4. October 2017, Read-only link: http://rdcu.be/wswU.
- 11.Blakely T, Hales S, Woodward A. Poverty: assessing the distribution of health risks by socioeconomic position at national and local levels. Geneva: World Health Organization, WHO Environmental Burden of Disease Series, No 10, 2004.Google Scholar
- 12.Global Burden of Disease Collaborative Network, Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 (GBD 2016). Burden by Risk 1990–2016. Seattle: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2017.Google Scholar