Jose Rizal pp 71-77 | Cite as

Conclusion: Resurrecting Plants

  • Lisandro E. Claudio
Part of the Global Political Thinkers book series (GPT)


This conclusion asks what Rizal’s vision of liberalism means for postcolonies and the Global South today. It critiques the tendency among postcolonial scholars to treat liberalism as the “Other” of their radical project from the margins. Their writings fail to acknowledge the contributions of postcolonial liberals like Rizal in forming independent political communities. Finally, it contends that a renewed liberalism is necessary amid the rise of global populism and illiberal democracy.


Postcolonial theory Liberalism Global South Populism Illiberal democracy Duterte 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisandro E. Claudio
    • 1
  1. 1.De La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines

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