Learning by Design: Crafting the Knowledge Processes to Enable Pre-service Secondary Teachers to Design Authentic Learning

  • Helen CD McCarthyEmail author
Part of the Multilingual Education book series (MULT, volume 30)


It has been my experience working with university pre-service secondary teachers that some science, engineering, technology and mathematics (STEM) students are sceptical of having to study literacy units within their degree. Their reasoning is that there is no purpose for learning the teaching of literacy as they are far more concerned with honing their STEM subject content knowledge. This chapter will draw on the experiences of first-year secondary students who learned to apply a pedagogy of knowledge processes (Cope B, Kalantzis M: Pedagog Int J 4(3):164–195, 2009) or things you do to know. Knowledge processes are an activity type that represent a distinct way of making content knowledge by oscillating and weaving pedagogical repertoires (Freebody P, Luke A: Literacy as engaging with new forms of life: the four resources model. In: Anstey M, Bull G (eds) The literacy Lexicon, (2nd ed.). Pearson, Sydney, pp 51–66, 2003), including multimodal multiliteracies intentionally designed to help students to understand what they need to do in this world in order to know (Kalantzis and Cope, Literacies. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2012). The point of sharing the pre-service students’ testimonies is to reveal the transformatory processes they moved through: from healthy scepticism to openly revealing how the new order multimodal multiliteracies (The New London Group: Harv Educ Rev 66(1):60–92, 1996) had an impact on their capacity to develop engaging and authentic literacy pedagogies in ways they had not previously imagined.


Multiliteracies, Learning by Design, Multimodality, Knowledge processes 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EducationCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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