Biodiesel pp 149-159 | Cite as

Techno-economical Aspects of Biodiesel Plants

  • Syed Taqvi
  • Mohamed Elsholkami
  • Ali ElkamelEmail author
Part of the Biofuel and Biorefinery Technologies book series (BBT, volume 8)


The main aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of the technical and economical characteristics of biodiesel production plants. A literature review of various techno-economic feasibility studies of biodiesel production is conducted. Moreover, outcomes of these evaluations are reported to present potential commerciality and near-term technical viability of biodiesel plants from different regions. In this chapter, various technological possibilities and economic aspects involved in the production of biodiesel are outlined. Significant effort is made to ensure that common assumptions are used as the basis for the comparison among conversion technologies. In addition, this analysis constitutes of the input feedstock needed, environmental considerations, energy balances, and detailed economic assessment including the cost component structures for biodiesel. Conclusions made in this study are merely indicative of the expected performance of biodiesel production plants based on the current state of public knowledge. These findings can aid in conducting significant comparisons between different technologies for producing biodiesel and exploring scenarios with optimal biodiesel production configurations.


Technical Economic Feasibility Biodiesel 


  1. Albuquerque A, Danielski L, Stragevitch L (2016) Techno-economic assessment of an alternative process for biodiesel production from feedstock containing high levels of free fatty acids. Energy Fuels 30(11):9409–9418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Apostolakou A, Kookos I, Marazioti C, Angelopoulos K (2009) Techno-economic analysis of a biodiesel production process from vegetable oils. Fuel Process Technol 90:1023–1031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barnwal K, Sharma MP (2005) Prospects of biodiesel production from vegetable oils in India. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 9:363–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bender M (1999) Economic feasibility review for community-scale farmer cooperatives for biodiesel. Biores Technol 70:81–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Enguidanos M, Soria A, Kavalov B, Jensen P (2002) Techno-economic analysis of bio-diesel production in the EU: a short summary for decision-makers. European CommissionGoogle Scholar
  6. Fortenbery TR (2005) Biodiesel feasibility study: an evaluation of biodiesel feasibility in Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  7. Gao Y, Gregor C, Liang Y, Tang D, Tweed C (2012) Algae biodiesel—a feasibility report. Chem Cent J 6(S1):1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Glystra C, Barlett S, Fox J (2016) World biodiesel production/consumption to rise 14% by 2020: OECD/FAO. S&P Global Platts, 5 July 2016Google Scholar
  9. Huang H, Long S, Singh V (2016) Techno-economic analysis of biodiesel and ethanol co-production from lipid-producing sugarcane. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefin 10(3):299–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Karmee SK, Patria RD, Lin CSK (2015) Techno-economic evaluation of biodiesel production from waste cooking oil—a case study of Hong Kong. Int J Mol Sci 16:4362–4371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kenkel P, Holcomb R (2008) Feasibility of on-farm or small scale oilseed processing and biodiesel production. In: Integration of agricultural and energy systems, AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  12. Kiss FE, Jovanovic M, Boskovic GC (2010) Economic and ecological aspects of biodiesel production over homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. Fuel Process Technol 91:1316–1320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Koutinas AA, Chatzifragkou A, Kopsahelis N, Papanikolaou S, Kookos IK (2014) Design and techno-economic evaluation of microbial oil production as a renewable resource for biodiesel and oleochemical production. Fuel 116:566–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kumaran P, Mazlini N, Hussein I, Nazrain M, Khairul M (2011) Technical feasibility studies for Langkawi WCO (waste cooking oil) derived-biodiesel. Energy 36:1386–1393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lee K, Ofori-Boateng C (2013) Economic sustainability assessment of biofuels production from oil palm biomass. Springer, SingaporeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lozada I, Islas J, Grande I (2010) Environmental and economic feasibility of palm oil biodiesel in the Mexican transportation sector. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 14:486–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Marchetti JM, Errazu AF (2008) Technoeconomic study of supercritical biodiesel production plant. Energy Convers Manag 49(8):2160–2164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Marchetti J, Miguel V, Errazu A (2008) Techno-economic study of different alternatives for biodiesel production. Fuel Process Technol 89:740–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mata TM, Marins AA, Caetano NS (2010) Microalgae for biodiesel production and other applications: a review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 14:217–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mulugetta Y (2009) Evaluating the economics of biodiesel in Africa. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 13:1592–1598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nagarajan S, Chou SK, Cao S, Wu C, Zhou Z (2013) An updated comprehensive techno-economic analysis of algae biodiesel. Biores Technol 145:150–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ofori-Boateng B, Keat TL, JitKang L (2012) Feasibility study of microalgal and jatropha biodiesel production plants: exergy analysis approach. Appl Therm Eng 36:141–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Singhabhandhu A, Tezuka T (2010) A perspective on incorporation of glycerin purification process in biodiesel plants using waste cooking oil as feedstock. Energy 35:2493–2504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Skarlis S, Kondili E, Kaldellis J (2012) Small-scale biodiesel production economics: a case study focus on Crete Island. J Clean Prod 20:20–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Vlysidis A, Binns M, Webb C, Theodoropoulos C (2011) A techno-economic analysis of biodiesel biorefineries: assessment of integrated designs for the co-production of fuels and chemicals. Energy 36:4671–4683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wu LF, Chen PC, Huang AP, Lee CM (2012) The feasibility of biodiesel production by microalgae using industrial wastewater. Biores Technol 113:14–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zhang Y, Dube M, McLean D, Kates M (2003a) Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: 1. Process design and technological assessment. Biores Technol 89:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zhang Y, Dube M, McLean D, Kates M (2003b) Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: 2. Economic assessment and sensitivity analysis. Biores Technol 90:229–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

Personalised recommendations