• Jari PohjolaEmail author
  • Jari Turunen
  • Tarmo Lipping
  • Anna Sivula
  • Marko Marila
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)


The challenges of land uplift modelling and determining the age of prehistoric settlements are discussed in this chapter. Land uplift modelling is a valuable tool for re-iterating the datings of archaeological findings, but the model and its source data must be constantly reviewed and adjusted when new data becomes available. Also, the erosion and sedimentation processes and local variations in land uplift should be taken into account when refining the land uplift model. On the other hand, the results obtained by radiocarbon dating are challenged by phenomena such as the water reservoir effect, for example.


Radiocarbon dating Marine reservoir effect Erosion Uncertainty 


  1. Dettman D, Mitchell D, Huckleberry G, Foster M (2015) \(^{14}\)C and marine reservoir effect in archaeological samples from the northeast Gulf of California. Radiocarbon 57(5):785–793. Scholar
  2. Philippsen B (2013) The freshwater reservoir effect in radiocarbon dating. Herit Sci 1(1):1–19. Scholar
  3. Reimer R, Reimer P (2006) Marine reservoir corrections and the calibration curve. Pages News 14(3):12–13. Scholar
  4. Tiitinen T (2011) Liikettä ajassa ja paikassa—Lounais-Suomen muinaisrannat tarkastelussa. In: Uotila Kari (ed) Avauksia Ala-Satakunnan esihistoriaan. Eura Print Oy, Eura, pp 47–80Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tampere University of TechnologyPoriFinland
  2. 2.University of TurkuPoriFinland
  3. 3.Department of CulturesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

Personalised recommendations