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Introduction

  • Jari PohjolaEmail author
  • Jari Turunen
  • Tarmo Lipping
  • Anna Sivula
  • Marko Marila
Chapter
  • 93 Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)

Abstract

Postglacial land uplift has shaped the coastline of western Finland during past millennia. The first recordings of the consequences of the shoreline displacement due to land uplift date from the end of the 14th century. Current land uplift is mostly the result of the Weichselian glaciation, which ended about twelve thousand years ago, however, it is well possible that the process is also affected by the earlier glaciations of major ice ages having taken place up to hundreds of millions of years ago. In Finnish archaeology, coastline displacement has been used in dating the prehistoric settlements, as it can be assumed that these settlements follow the shorelines and waterways. By reconstructing the shoreline displacement and comparing the results with radiocarbon dating of findings from prehistoric settlements, new insights can be obtained from both the archaeology and the land uplift modelling point of view. In this chapter the geological and archaeological history of Satakunta is introduced by the example of four prehistoric sites in Lower Satakunta: Kolmhaara, Kuninkaanhauta, Luistari and Tyttöpuisto.

Keywords

Land uplift Glacial periods Archaeology Geology Stone age Bronze Age Iron Age 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tampere University of TechnologyPoriFinland
  2. 2.University of TurkuPoriFinland
  3. 3.Department of CulturesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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