Polymers as Water Disinfectants

  • Chin Wei LaiEmail author
  • Kian Mun Lee
  • Bey Fen Leo
  • Christelle Pau Ping Wong
  • Soon Weng Chong
Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)


Today, microbial infection appeared as one of the most critical environmental pollutions from our water stream. Indeed, the rising of public awareness for water pollution and water security has urged both researchers and industries to develop cost-effective antimicrobial polymer system. Although a range of polymers have antimicrobial properties, the most frequently studied polymer for water disinfection is chitosan. It offers several advantages, including biodegradable, non-toxic in nature, biocompatible and inexpensive, as compared to other low molecular weight antimicrobial polymers. In general, low molecular weight antimicrobial agents suffer several disadvantages, such as toxicity to the environment and short-term antimicrobial ability. Moreover, using chitosan biopolymer could enhance the efficacy of some existing antimicrobial agents and antifungal agents and minimize the environmental problems. In this chapter, the brief introduction of chitosan as well as modified chitosan on the development of water disinfection is extensively discussed. In particular, this chapter discusses the physicochemical properties of chitosan and different synthesis approaches for chitosan.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chin Wei Lai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kian Mun Lee
    • 1
  • Bey Fen Leo
    • 1
  • Christelle Pau Ping Wong
    • 1
  • Soon Weng Chong
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre (NANOCAT)University of Malaya (UM)Kuala LumpurMalaysia

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