Structure and Architecture of Bone

  • Reiner Bartl
  • Christoph Bartl


The human skeleton has 204–214 individual bones; it weighs about 10 kg and accounts for about 15% of the body weight. A rough breakdown differentiates the skeleton of the trunk (trunk or axial skeleton) from the skeleton of the extremities (peripheral skeleton). The skeleton includes the following bones:


Bone mineral density Cortical cone Trabecular bone Axial skeleton Nutrient artery 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reiner Bartl
    • 1
  • Christoph Bartl
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Osteoporosis and Bone CenterMunichGermany
  2. 2.Center of Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineMunichGermany

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