Subgroups of Osteoporosis

  • Reiner Bartl
  • Christoph Bartl


Osteoporosis has traditionally been categorised as primary or secondary. Primary osteoporosis occurs together with and as a result of the major physiological condition known as ageing (senescence) and its causes and consequences. Secondary osteoporosis develops as a consequence of the major physiopathological effects on the bones, by numerous disorders of other organs and tissues in the body.


Bone mineral density Osteogenesis imperfecta Bone biopsy Complex regional pain syndrome Osteoid seam 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reiner Bartl
    • 1
  • Christoph Bartl
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Osteoporosis and Bone CenterMunichGermany
  2. 2.Center of Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineMunichGermany

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