Manufacturing Technology of Steels for Pipes Ordered for Sour Service
In this chapter, the state of the technology of industrial production of H2S-resistant rolled plates and strips and pipe manufacture by leading Russian and international metallurgical and pipe enterprises is considered. At present, mainly pipes of grades up to X65 inclusive have found commercial use for the construction of sour-gas-resistant pipelines. Research works aimed at the development of X70 and X80 grade pipes for operation in the most aggressive media are underway. To achieve high properties of pipe steels, including HIC and SSC resistances, high strength, cold resistance, weldability, it is necessary to choose the optimal chemical composition of steel and to optimize the production methods such as steelmaking, hot plastic deformation, and cooling. An important condition is the formation of fine structure with the regulated number and size of structure constituents (ferrite, pearlite, bainite), fine carbonitride particles precipitated under certain rolling conditions, and limited quantity of non-metallic inclusions.
- Barykov, A. B. (Ed.). (2016). Development of steel manufacturing technology for steel rolled product and pipe in the Vyksa production area: Coll. works. Moscow: Metallurgizdat.Google Scholar
- Efron, L. I. (2012). Metal science in big metallurgy, pipe steels. Moscow: Metallurgizdat.Google Scholar
- Golovanov, A. V., Zikeev, V. N., Kharchevnikov, V. P., et al. (2005). Composition and production conditions for cold-resistant and H2S-resistant rolled strip for oil and gas pipe. Steel in Translation, 35(9), 60–62.Google Scholar
- Kholodnyi, A. A., Sosin, S. V., Matrosov, Y. I., & Karmazin, A. V. (2016b). Development of the production technology at the ISW “Azovstal” of sheets for hydrogen sulfide-resistant pipes of large diameter of the X52-X65 strength classes. Problems of Ferrous Metallurgy and Materials Science, 4, 26–34.Google Scholar
- Shabalov, I. P., Matrosov, Yu I, Kholodnyi, A. A., et al. (2017). Steel for gas and oil pipelines resistant to fracture in hydrogen sulphide-containing media. Moscow: Metallurgizdat.Google Scholar
- Zikeev, V. N., Kharchevnikov, V. P., Filatov, N. V., & Anuchin, K. V. (2008). Developing and testing structural steels with superior resistance to cold and to cracking in hydrogen-sulfide-bearing media for use in the production of electric-welded (HFC) oil-field tubing. Metallurgist, 52(9), 491–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar