Advertisement

The Pineapple Success Story: From Domestication to Pantropical Diffusion

  • Geo Coppens d’EeckenbruggeEmail author
  • Marie-France Duval
  • Freddy Leal
Chapter
Part of the Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series (PGG, volume 22)

Abstract

Although the pineapple was common throughout tropical America well before 1492, its wild and cultivated forms were poorly known until the late twentieth century. The genus Ananas includes A. comosus, a self-incompatible diploid, vegetatively propagated from axillary suckers and the fruit crown, and A. macrodontes, a self-fertile, crownless tetraploid reproducing through seeds and stolons. The former presents five botanical varieties: the wild var. microstachys and var. parguazensis; the edible pineapple, var. comosus; the smooth-leaved var. erectifolius; and the spiny var. bracteatus, two fiber cultigens now exploited as ornamentals. Diversity studies indicate that var. comosus and var. erectifolius are related to populations of var. microstachys from the northern Amazon, whereas var. bracteatus evolved in the southeast, through the introgression of A. macrodontes genes. While the Guianas constitute the likely center of pineapple domestication from wild and intermediate forms, the wide western Amazon cultivar diversity suggests a secondary center where sexual recombination mostly involved domesticated forms. According to archaeological and linguistic data, the edible pineapple has been cultivated for more than 3000 years in Amazonia and coastal Peru, and 2500 years in Mesoamerica, implying a very early domestication and neotropical diffusion. In the sixteenth century, Portuguese traders diffused Cultivars Singapore Canning, Selangor Green, and Pérola from coastal Brazil to tropical Asia and coastal Africa. A wider diversity was cultivated in the nineteenth-century European glasshouses, of which only 'Queen' and 'Smooth Cayenne' have survived and diffused to tropical production regions. The much wider Amazonian cultivar diversity has not been exploited yet.

Keywords

Ananas comosus Amazonia Antiquity Crop distribution Curagua Origin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Duane Bartholomew and Garth Sanewski for improving the manuscript through their comments and suggestions.

References

  1. Alpern SB (2008) Exotic plants of Western Africa: where they came from and when. Hist Afr 35:63–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arruda da Câmara M (1810) Dissertação sobre as plantas do Brazil que podem dar linhos proprios para muitos usos da sociedade, e suprir a falta de canhamo. Impressão Regia, Rio de Janeiro, pp 3–7., 13–22Google Scholar
  3. Baker JG (1889) Handbook of the Bromeliaceae. George Bell & Sons, London, pp 22–25Google Scholar
  4. Bartholomew D (2016) Proper naming of pineapple cultivars: problems and recommendations for improvement. Pineapple News 23:3–5Google Scholar
  5. Bello S, Julca A (1993) Colección y evaluación de ecotipos de piña Ananas comosus de la Amazonía peruana. Memorias Primer Simposio Latinoamericano de Piñicultura, Cali, Colombia, May 25–29, pp. 1–13Google Scholar
  6. Bertoni MS (1919) Contribution à l’étude botanique des plantes cultivées. I. Essai d’une monographie du genre Ananas. Anales Científicos Paraguayos (Serie II) 4:250–322Google Scholar
  7. Blench RM (1998) The introduction and spread of New World crops in Nigeria. A historical and linguistic investigation. In: Chastanet M (ed) Plantes et paysages d’Afrique. Karthala-CRA, Paris, pp 165–210Google Scholar
  8. Brown CH (2010) Development of agriculture in prehistoric Mesoamerica: the linguistic evidence. In: Staller JE, Carrasco MD (eds) Pre-Columbian foodways: interdisciplinary approaches to food, culture, and markets in Mesoamerica. Springer Verlag, New York, pp 71–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brücher H (1971) Zur Widerlegung von Vavilovgeographisch-botanischer Differentialmethode. Erdkunde 25:20–36Google Scholar
  10. Cabral JRS, de Matos AP, Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge G (1997) Segregation for resistance to fusariose, leaf colour and leaf margin type from the EMBRAPA pineapple hybridization programme. Acta Hort 425:193–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Callen EO (1967) Analysis of the Tehuacan coprolites. In: Byers DS (ed) The prehistory of the Tehuacan Valley, vol 1. The University of Texas Press, Austin, pp 261–289Google Scholar
  12. Camargo FC (1943) Vida e utilidade das Bromeliáceas, vol 1. Boletim Técnico Instituto Agronômico do Norte, Belem, Pará, pp 1–31Google Scholar
  13. Clement CR (1989) A center of crop genetic diversity in western Amazonia. Bioscience 39:624–631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Clement CR (1999) 1492 and the loss of Amazonian crop genetic resources. II. Crop biogeography at contact. Econ Bot 53:203–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Clement CR, Cristo-Araújo Md, Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge G, Pereira AA, Picanço-Rodrigues D (2010) Origin and domestication of native Amazonian crops. Diversity 2(1):72–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Collins JL (1960) The pineapple. Botany, cultivation, and utilization. Interscience Publishers Inc., New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Duval M-F (2009) The domestication of pineapple: context and hypotheses. Pineapple News 16:15–27Google Scholar
  18. Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Govaerts R (2015) Synonymies in Ananas (Bromeliaceae). Phytotaxa 239:273–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Leal F (2003) Morphology, anatomy and taxonomy. In: Bartholomew DP, Paull RE, Rohrbach KG (eds) The pineapple: botany, production and uses. CABI, Wallingford, Oxford, pp 13–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Leal F, Duval M-F (1997) Germplasm resources of pineapple. Hort Rev 21:133–175Google Scholar
  21. Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Sanewski GM (2011) Leaf margin in pineapple. Pineapple News 18:32–37Google Scholar
  22. Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge G (2014) Pineapple taxonomy: species, botanical varieties and cultivars, and their importance in understanding and managing pineapple diversity. Pineapple News 21:35–39Google Scholar
  23. Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge G, Duval M-F, Van Miegroet F (1993) Fertility and self-incompatibility in the genus Ananas. Acta Hort 334:45–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Uriza Avila DE, Rebolledo Martínez A, Rebolledo Martínez L (2011) The Cascajal Block: another testimony of the antiquity of pineapple in Mexico? Pineapple News 18:47–48Google Scholar
  25. Corrêa MP (1952) Diccionário das plantas úteis do Brasil e das exóticas cultivadas, vol III. Imprensa Nacional, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  26. Cristancho S, Vining J (2004) Culturally defined keystone species. Res Hum Ecol 11:153–164Google Scholar
  27. Dalgado SR (1913) Portuguese vocables in Asiatic languages. English translation of 1936, Oriental Institute of BarodaGoogle Scholar
  28. Dalgado SR (1919) Glossario Luso-Asiático. Imprensa da Universidade, CoimbraGoogle Scholar
  29. de Candolle A (1886) Origine des plantes cultivées, 3rd edn. Félix Alcan, ParisGoogle Scholar
  30. de Carvajal J (1892) Relación del descubrimiento del Río Apure hasta su ingreso en el Orinoco. Diputación Provincial de LeónGoogle Scholar
  31. De Felice FB (1770) Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire universel raisonné des connoissances humaines. Tome II, pp. 505–509Google Scholar
  32. Dillehay TD, Rossen J, Andres TC, Williams DE (2007) Preceramic adoption of peanut, squash, and cotton in northern Peru. Science 316:1890–1893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Dogget H, Majisu BN (1968) Disruptive selection in crop development. Heredity 23:1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. dos Santos J (1891) Ethiopia Oriental (Varia historia de cousas notaveis do Oriente), vol 1. Escriptorio da Empreza, LisboaGoogle Scholar
  35. Duval M-F, Buso GC, Ferreira FR, Bianchetti LdB, Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Hamon P, Ferreira ME (2003) Relationships in Ananas and other related genera using chloroplast DNA restriction site variation. Genome 46:990–1004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Duval M-F, Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Ferreira FR, Cabral JRS, Bianchetti LdB (1997) First results from joint EMBRAPA-CIRAD Ananas germplasm collecting in Brazil and French Guyana. Acta Hort 425:137–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Duval M-F, Noyer J-L, Perrier X, Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Hamon P (2001) Molecular diversity in pineapple assessed by RFLP markers. Theor Appl Genet 102:83–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ferrão JEM (2013) Na linha dos descobrimentos dos séculos XV e XVI. Intercâmbio de plantas entre a África Ocidental e a América. Revista de Ciências Agrárias 36:250–269Google Scholar
  39. Ferrão JEM, Caixinhas ML, Liberato MC (2008) A ecologia, as plantas e a interculturalidade. In: de Matos AT, Ferreira Lages M (eds) Portugal: percursos de interculturalidade. Alto Comissariado para a Imigração e Diálogo Intercultural (ACIDI, I.P.), Lisboa, pp 31–223Google Scholar
  40. Ferreira FR (1996) Expedição para coleta de germoplasma de abacaxi no sul do Estado da Bahia. In: 14th Congresso Brasileiro de Fruticultura and 42th Reunião Interamericana de Horticultura Tropical, Curitiba, Resumos. IAPAR, Londrina, p 18Google Scholar
  41. Ferreira FR, Bustamante PG (2001) Domestication and use of Ananas lucidus by the Indians of Amazonia. Pineapple News 8:9–10Google Scholar
  42. Ferreira FR, Cabral JRS (1993) Pineapple germplasm in Brazil. Acta Hort. 334:23–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ferreira FR, Giacometti DC, Bianchetti LdB, Cabral JRS (1992) Coleta de germoplasma de abacaxizeiros (Ananas comosus (L.) Merril) e espécies afins. Rev Bras Frutic 14:5–11Google Scholar
  44. Galinat WC (1974) The domestication and genetic erosion of maize. Econ Bot 18:31–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Gnecco C (2003) Against ecological reductionism: late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers in the tropical forests of northern South America. Quat Int 109–110:13–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Griffin W (1806) A treatise on the culture of the pine-apple. NewarkGoogle Scholar
  47. Gumilla J (1741) El Orinoco ilustrado y defendido. Biblioteca de la Academia Nacional de la Historia, CaracasGoogle Scholar
  48. Heilborn O (1921) Notes on the cytology of Ananas sativus Lindl. and the origin of its parthenocarpy. Ark Bot 17:1–7Google Scholar
  49. Jacopin PY (1988) Anthropological dialectics: Yukuna ritual as defensive strategy. Sweiz Amer Ges Bull 52:35–46Google Scholar
  50. Krünitz JG (1773) Oeconomische Encyclopädie, oder, Allgemeines System der Staats-Stadt- Haus- u. Landwirthschaft, in alphabetischer Ordnung / Siebenzehenter Theil Von Geld bis Gesundheit. http://www.kruenitz1.uni-trier.de/. Accessed 22 Jan 2017
  51. Laufer B (1929) The American plant migration. Sci Mon 28:239–251Google Scholar
  52. Leal F, Amaya L (1991) The curagua (Ananas lucidus, Bromeliaceae) crop in Venezuela. Econ Bot 45:216–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Leal F, Antoni MG (1981) Especies del género Ananas: origen y distribución geográfica. Rev Fac Agron, Univ Central de Venezuela 29:5–12Google Scholar
  54. Leal F, Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G (1996) Pineapple. In: Janick J, Moore JN (eds) Fruit breeding. I. Tree and tropical fruits. Wileys and Sons, New York, pp 515–557Google Scholar
  55. Leal F, Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge G, Holst B (1998) Taxonomy of the genera Ananas and Pseudananas – an historical review. Selbyana 19:227–235Google Scholar
  56. Leal F, García M-L, Cabot C (1986) Prospección y recolección de Ananas y sus congéneres en Venezuela. Plant Genet Res Newsl 66:16–19Google Scholar
  57. Leal F, Medina E (1995) Some wild pineapples in Venezuela. J Bromel Soc 45:152–158Google Scholar
  58. Lemery N (1755) Dictionnaire universel des drogues simples. Nouvelle édition. D’Houry, Paris, pp 41–42Google Scholar
  59. Lin B-Y, Ritschel PS, Ferreira FR (1987) Número cromossômico de exemplares da família Bromeliaceae. Rev Bras Frutic 9:49–55Google Scholar
  60. Lindman CAM (1891) Bromeliaceae. Herbarii Regnellianii. I. Bromeliae. Kongl. Svenska Vetenskaps Academiens Handlingar 24(8):1–49Google Scholar
  61. López LE, Pinon A, Montoya D, Hernández M-S (1992) Exploración y recolección de piña en Colombia, 11–30 de mayo, 1992. International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Palmira (Colombia)Google Scholar
  62. Mez C (1892) Bromeliaceae; Ananas. Martius, Flora Brasiliensis 3(3). Reprinted 1965 Verlag von J. Cramer, Weinheim, Codicote (Hertfordshire), Wheldon & Wesley, New York, pp. 288–294Google Scholar
  63. Miller RP, Nair PKR (2006) Indigenous agroforestry systems in Amazonia: from prehistory to today. Agrofor Syst 66:151–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Monteiro Neves S, Duarte Lopes FP, Oliveira Nascimento DC, da Silva Ferreira A, Gundappa Satyanarayanac K (2013) Processing and properties of continuous and aligned curaua fibers incorporated polyester composites. J Mat Res Technol 2:2–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Morcote-Rios G, Lauren Raz D, Giraldo-Cañas CEF, León Sicard T (2013) Terras pretas de Índio of the Caquetá-Japurá river (Colombian Amazonia). Tipití 11:30–39Google Scholar
  66. Morton JF (1987) Pineapple. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, pp 18–28Google Scholar
  67. Munro D (1835) Classification of pineapple varieties. Trans London Hort Soc 1:1–34Google Scholar
  68. Otero-Arnaíz A, Casas A, Hamrick JL (2005) Direct and indirect estimates of gene flow among wild and managed populations of Polaskia chichipe, an endemic columnar cactus in Central Mexico. Mol Ecol 14:4313–4322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Patiño VM (2002) Historia y dispersión de los frutales nativos del Neotrópico. CIAT, CaliGoogle Scholar
  70. Pearsall DM (1992) The origins of plant cultivation in South America. In: Cowan CW, Watson PJ (eds) The origins of agriculture. An international perspective. pp 173–205. Smithsonian Series in Archaeological InquiriesGoogle Scholar
  71. Pickersgill B (1976) Pineapple. In: Simmonds NW (ed) Evolution of crop plants. Longman, London, pp 14–18Google Scholar
  72. Plumier C (1703) Nova Plantarum Americanarum Genera. J. Boudot, Regis et Regiae Scientiarum Academiae Typographum, ParisCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Pope KO, Pohl MED, Jones JG, Lentz DL, von Nagy C, Vega FJ, Quitmyer IR (2001) Origin and environmental setting of ancient agriculture in the lowlands of Mesoamerica. Science 292:1370–1373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Purseglove JW (1972) Pineapple. In: Tropical crops. Monocotyledons. Longman, London, pp 75–91Google Scholar
  75. Rumphius GE (1747) Anassa, nanas. Herbarium Amboinense 5:227–231Google Scholar
  76. Sauer JD (1993) Historical geography of crop plants. A select roster. CRC Press, Boca Ratón, FLGoogle Scholar
  77. Scherer RF, Olkoski D, Souza FVD, Nodari RO, Guerra MP (2015) Gigante de Tarauacá: a triploid pineapple from Brazilian Amazonia. Scientia Hort 181:1–3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Schultes RE (1991) Ethnobotanical conservation and plant diversity in the Northwest Amazon. Diversity 7:69–72Google Scholar
  79. Smith LB, Downs RJ (1979) Bromelioideae (Bromeliaceae). In: Flora Neotropica, Monograph, vol 14(3). New York Botanical Garden, New York, pp 1493–2142Google Scholar
  80. Van Linschoten JH (1610) Histoire de la navigation de Jean Hughes de Linscot Hollandois et de son voyage es Indes Orientales. Avec annotations de Bernard Paludanus. Imprimerie de Théodore Pierre, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  81. Vansina J (1979) Finding food and the history of precolonial equatorial Africa: a plea. Afr Econ Hist 7:9–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Vélez GA (1998) The chagra: collective patrimony of the indigenous Amazonian communities. Beyond Law 6:121–142Google Scholar
  83. Wee YC (1972) Some common pineapple cultivars of West Malaysia. Malaysian Pineapple 2:7–13Google Scholar
  84. Wilkes HG (1972) Maize and its wild relatives. Science 177:1071–1077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Zah R, Hischier R, Leão AL, Braun I (2007) Curauá fibers in the automobile industry – a sustainability assessment. J Cleaner Production 15:1032–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Zhang J, Liu J, Ming R (2014) Genomic analyses of the CAM plant pineapple. J Exp Bot 65:3395–3404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Zhou L, Matsumoto T, Tan HW, Meinhardt LW, Mischke S, Wang B, Zhang D (2015) Developing single nucleotide polymorphism markers for the identification of pineapple (Ananas comosus) germplasm. Hort Res 2:15056CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geo Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marie-France Duval
    • 2
  • Freddy Leal
    • 3
  1. 1.CIRAD, UMR AGAPMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.CIRAD, UMR AGAPLe LamentinFrance
  3. 3.Universidad Central de Venezuela, Facultad de AgronomíaMaracayVenezuela

Personalised recommendations