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Cultural Literacy

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Over the course of the last decade since the LCME mandate, cultural competence has become a core component of medical education in the USA and Canada. However, the approach varies a great deal between schools, and there is limited evidence to guide the creation of effective curricula. This chapter seeks to present a critique of the competence-centered approach to cross-cultural education, and the potential pitfalls of such an approach, with particular emphasis on Islamophobia. An alternative approach, focused on self-reflection and the idea of literacy, will also be presented.


  • Education
  • Racism
  • Implicit bias
  • Culture
  • Cross-cultural medicine
  • Cultural competence
  • Critique

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00512-2_9
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Correspondence to R. Cecilia Jefferson .

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Jefferson, R.C. (2019). Cultural Literacy. In: Moffic, H., Peteet, J., Hankir, A., Awaad, R. (eds) Islamophobia and Psychiatry. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-00511-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-00512-2

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