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The Social Psychology and Neurobiology of Intergroup Conflict

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Abstract

This chapter examines the psychological and neurobiological correlates of ingroup and outgroup formation and intergroup conflict. We look at the social psychological and sociological theories as well as more recent empirical evidence around strong group formation and prejudice. The chapter also uncovers several important mitigating factors and some experimental approaches to reducing bias and conflict. We conclude with a look at how these findings and their application to the problem of Islamophobia might carry clinical implications for psychiatrists treating patients from marginalized Islamic populations.

Keywords

  • Ingroup
  • Outgroup
  • Intergroup conflict
  • Ingroup favoritism
  • Prejudice
  • Bias
  • Group psychology
  • Amygdala
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Oxytocin
  • Ventral striatum

The true hero is one who conquers his own anger and hatred. – the 14th Dalai Lama

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Gorman, S.E., Gorman, J.M. (2019). The Social Psychology and Neurobiology of Intergroup Conflict. In: Moffic, H., Peteet, J., Hankir, A., Awaad, R. (eds) Islamophobia and Psychiatry. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00512-2_6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00512-2_6

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-00511-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-00512-2

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